Izmir is a city in Turkey. The city is the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara in terms of size, also has a privileged position as commercial, industrial and port. According to the latest census, the population is 3. 739. 353, in 2008. The city is located on the shores of the Aegean Sea. Izmir hosts a large number of industrial, commercial, scientific exhibitions and congresses, every year. There exist prestigious universities in the city that Izmir University can be noted as one of most notably in which taught technical and engineering disciplines. Izmir is one of Turkey's tourist attractions too. Izmir has beautiful sandy beaches whole of the south, and numerous monuments from previous periods such as the ancient city of Ephesus- one of the greatest and most beautiful ancient city in the world, mineral water on the banks of stream, the ancient city of Troy and etc. attract numerous tourists interested in sea and historical remnants yearly. Izmir was written Smurne in Lane’s old dialect and Smyrna in the language of the ancient Athenian. Now the Greeks called the city Simirni.